Treaty Of Waitangi Agreement

Once finalized, the treaty signatories will contain biographical information about each signatory to the Waitangi Treaty that can be identified. Some of those who signed are known, while we know almost nothing else, except that they signed the contract. In 1956, the Ministry of the Interior placed the contract documents under the tutelage of the Alexander Turnbull Library and was issued in 1961. In 1966, other conservation measures were implemented, with improvements in display conditions. [63] From 1977 to 1980, the library extensively restored the documents prior to the contract being filed with the Reserve Bank. [63] The conflict intensified in the early 1860s, when the government used the Maori king`s movement as a pretext to enter countries in eastern North Island, culminating in the confiscation by the Maori crown of much of Waikato and Taranaki. [119] The treaty was used to justify the idea that the leaders of Waikato and Taranaki were rebels against the Crown. [120] The whole issue is further complicated by the fact that writing was then a new introduction to Maori society. As members of a predominantly oral society, the Maori present at the signing of the Treaty put more value and confidence in what Hobson and the missionaries said than on the written words of the Treaty document. [99] Although there is still a great scientific debate as to the extent to which literacy permeated Maori society at the time of signing, it is clear that of the 600 plus Rangatira who signed the written document, only 12 had their names signed in the Latin alphabet.

Many others passed on their identities by drawing parts of their Moko (personal facial tattoo), while others marked the document with an X. [16] In the early 1990s, the government began negotiating settlements of historical rights (before 1992). As of September 2008[update], there were 23 colonies of different sizes, for a total of approximately $950 million. [173] Comparisons generally include financial reparations, formal apologies from the Crown for offences, and recognition of the group`s cultural associations with different sites. [8] In some cases, the Tribunal found that the applicants had not relinquished their sovereignty[174] and there are ongoing discussions on the applicability of lands seized in conflicts and obtained through the Crown`s pre-emption time. [175] However, the Tribunal`s findings do not prove that the Crown does not have sovereignty today, since the Crown has de facto sovereignty in New Zealand and the Tribunal does not have the power to decide otherwise. Chris Finlayson, Minister of Conventional Colonies, said: “The court does not achieve any results as to the sovereignty that the Crown exercises in New Zealand. Nor does it address other events considered to be part of the acquisition of Crown sovereignty or how the contractual relationship should work today. [176] The tribunal`s recommendations are not binding on the Crown, but have often been followed.

[8] In the late 1960s and 1970s, the Waitangi Treaty became the centre of a powerful Maori protest movement, which gathered around the government`s calls to “honour the treaty” and “correct complaints.” [150] The Maori boycotted Waitangi Day in 1968 because of the Maori Affairs Amendment Act (considered another land grab) and the Maori expressed frustration at persistent violations of the treaty and subsequent laws by government officials, as well as unequal laws and unsympathetic decisions of the regional court by state owners. [150] The protest movement can be considered part of the global civil rights movement that began in the 1960s. [151] Some have argued that the treaty should continue to be incorporated into the New Zealand constitution to improve relations between the Crown, the Maori and other New Zealanders. [160] The Rights Document of the Fourth Labor Government proposed to enshrine the treaty in the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act of 1990.

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